Life in Jordan


The geographical location of Jordan:

Jordan is an Arab Islamic state, and its capital is Amman. It is located in the heart of the Middle East region to the north-west of Saudi Arabia, south of Syria, west of Iraq and east of Jerusalem. The Red Sea city of Aqaba is the sole port of the Kingdom.


The geographical location of Jordan: 
Jordan is an Arab Islamic state, and its capital is Amman. It is located in the heart of the Middle East region to the north-west of Saudi Arabia, south of Syria, west of Iraq and east of Jerusalem. The Red Sea city of Aqaba is the sole port of the Kingdom.

The total area of Jordan 89,342 sq. km, a diverse mix of mountains, deserts and plains. In addition to that, the country has the lower point on Earth: the Dead Sea.

Geographic coordinates:
29-34 North - 35-39 East

Climate and Weather:
Jordan’s climate is moderate. It is warm in summer and cold in winter, and temperatures range between 15 degrees Celsius in winter and 35 degrees Celsius in summer with the possibility of snowfall sometimes in the winter for short periods.
Best time to visit: Due Jordan’s location in the Mediterranean sphere, the climate is moderate most of the year, especially in Amman, where the temperatures range between 35 degrees in summer and 10 degrees Celsius in winter.

Time:
Daylight saving time is GMT +3, and winter time is GMT+2.

Working hours
The weekend in Jordan is Friday and Saturday when government departments and banks close their doors, but other commercial outlets and restaurants do business as usual on weekends. The working day starts at 9am until midnight, whereas most pharmacies are open 24 hours.
Banks
08:30 to 15:00
Commercial offices
8:30 to 18:30
Government
8:00 to 15:00
Shops
9:00 am - 12:00 pm

Languages:
The official language is Arabic, and English is used widely in the fields of commerce and government.

Currency
The official currency in Jordan is the Jordanian dinar, which is divided into 1000 fils, or 100 piasters. Banknote denominations are 50, 20, 10, 5, and 1. Coins include JD0.5 and JD0.25, in addition to 100, 50, 25, 10 and 5 fils.

Jordanian dinar versus:
USD1= JD0.7088 \\ JD1 = 1.4109 USD
1 euro = JD0.9693 \\ JD1 = 1.0534 euros
£ 1 = JD1.1928 \\ JD1 = 0.8383 pounds
JPY 1 = JD0.0069 \\JD 1 144.9100 yen
For other currencies, please visit the link:
http://www.currency-price.com/currency-prices-jordan

Standards of living and income
The standard of living in Jordan is relatively average, as the annual per capita income is about $5,000.

Food:
In Jordan, different types of vegetables, meat and fresh fruit are available and can be obtained from the markets and malls or through restaurants across Jordan. There is a variety of international restaurants in Amman.

Shopping and Services:
Jordan is considered an advanced country in terms of basic services. Cellular phone communications and internet services are available at reasonable prices. Shops and malls are abundant, including branches of international chain stores, along with recreational facilities such as sport clubs and cafes.
In Amman and other Jordanian cities, there are markets of traditional crafts such as weaving, embroidery, garment, jewelry, ceramics and glass. There are also large shopping centers with several garment shops that offer designer outfits. In addition, there are numerous specialized sports clubs for horseback riding and swimming, for example, and health clubs, where visitors can spend quality and joyful times. Also during summer, many clubs organize adventures like diving, scuba diving, swimming and computer summer camps, which are suitable for Jordanian children and adolescents, along with their young Arab visitors, to practice their favorite sports and leisure time activities. Furthermore, Luna parks, recreational parks, public gardens and entertainment halls for children are common in the Kingdom

1. Jordan Archaeological Museum: It is located in the Citadel quarter in Amman, featuring exhibits that show the stages of human life evolution and environment from the Neolithic period up to the Ayyubid/Mamluk era.

2. Royal Automobile Museum: It features a very large showroom, where rare and classic cars are on display, with explanation cards that detail the features and specifications of each car and the date of arrival in Jordan. The museum documents the history of some of these cars with the Royal family by screening films showing Royalties while driving these cars.

3. King Hussein Gardens

4. Darat Al-Funun: It is one of the leading cultural attractions in Amman, located in Jabal Al-Luibdeh. It was established by Abdul Hameed Shoman Foundation in 1993.

5. Jara Market: This bazaar opens its doors on Fridays every week in the summer, and offers artifacts, accessories, food and many other items. The ambience in this market is fun and friendly.

6. The Martyr's Monument Museum: A national museum that records Jordan’s modern history; it was established to commemorate the soldiers who fell martyrs while defending the homeland and the people. It features special historical exhibits related to the Jordan Armed Forces since the beginning of the Great Arab Revolt to this day.

Jordan has many sport complexes dedicated to the welfare of the youth. There are many sport compounds, called cities, in Jordan, including Al Hassan Youth City in Irbid, Prince Mohammed Youth City in Zarqa, and the signature facility, Al Hussein Youth City, which opened its doors for the various sport activities in 1968.

Health situation and general tips
The level of healthcare in Jordan is excellent. The Kingdom is the first country in the region that carried out a heart transplant surgery. The ratio of physicians to population is 19.8 to 10,000, a figure which places Jordan ahead of many developed countries (in the United Kingdom, for example, this ratio stands at 15.1).
Health services in Jordan meet international standards, as hospitals and clinics in Jordan feature top-level, world-class facilities, and there is a growing number of hospitals and private clinics that include such modern facilities and equipment and are run by skilled local and foreign personnel, while the majority of doctors speak English. Those who wish to benefit from medical services in Jordan are advised to obtain medical insurance through commercial insurance companies or universities for students.
Visitors should make sure to receive vaccines against diseases like hepatitis and tetanus, which might be active in the country now and then.

The level of security
Jordan is a safe and stable country, ranked 56th out of 162 on the global index of security and civil peace issued by the Institute for Economics and Peace: www.visionofhumanity.org

Travel Information
Travel and Transportation:
In Jordan, there are three civilian airports for passengers that regularly receive flights from all around the world. Transportation in Jordan is based on a network of buses and taxis, while car rental is available.
Public transportation in Jordan is cheap while prices of tourism transport services vary by the type of service. Jordan is linked to neighboring countries via a network of highways; travel buses and small passenger cars travels through a regular basis between Amman, Damascus, Beirut, Baghdad and Riyadh.
Hotels are numerous in Jordan, including international hotels. They are concentrated in Amman and in major tourist destinations, especially the Dead Sea, Petra and Aqaba.
There is a great number of apartments around universities offered for rent to students. Accommodation rates vary according to the classification and type of service provided, and in general, students can get affordable accommodation according to their budgets.

Visa
The visa fee for all nationalities is JD10 or about $14. For multiple entries, visitors are charged JD20 or about $28. Groups of five or more coming through travel agencies are offered visas free of charge.
Entry tax for non-Jordanians is JD5 or about $7 regardless of the place they come from. Some nationalities need a visa before traveling. The list below includes countries whose citizens need to obtain a visa before arrival, but this list is subject to change without prior notice. Before leaving your country, you should check with the Jordanian embassy in your country to be acquainted with the requirements needed to enter Jordan.

Countries that require a visa:
Africa:
Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Difoara, Eritrea, Djibouti , Ghana, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tambia, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaire and Zambia.
Asia:
Afghanistan, Cambodia, China, India, Iran, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uzbekistan and Vietnam.
Europe:
Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania.
South America:
Belize, Colombia, Cuba.

Accommodation cost
The cost of accommodation for a month, including transportation, around is JD2,000 per person, while groups can get lower costs.

Tourist attractions:
1. Petra: Petra is the most famous monument in Jordan. This city, carved into rock, was built by the Nabataean Arabs more than 2,000 years ago as the capital of their state. It is known as the rose-red city due to the color of the rocks into which this world wonder was carved.

2. Jerash: Jerash is an ancient Roman city with a deep-in-history cultural heritage. It is one of the few ancient cities in the world that have maintained all their features up to this day.

3. Um Qais: The ruins of Um Qais overlook the Yarmouk River Valley, the Jordan Valley, Lake Tiberias and the Golan Heights. Its Roman features like streets, theaters and pools are built of black basalt, and it is characterized by its luxury shrines, markets, gates, churches and the tunnel, which is considered a masterpiece in irrigation engineering.

4. Madaba: Jordan's capital of mosaic and the City of Churches; it was mentioned in the Mesha Stele when it was in the hands of the Moabites. After that, the Ammonites recovered the city, which later fell under the rule of the Nabateans. It flourished and turned into a prosperous city in the Byzantine and Umayyad eras.

5. Aqaba: a city on the Gulf of Aqaba, where there are many shopping centers, resorts, hotels, malls and water sports and scuba diving facilities; there are also some historical sites like the ancient Aqaba Citadel.

6. Wadi Rum: a desert region entirely composed of mountains and hills located in the south of Jordan and known by their reddish color; a variety of sports such as rocky mountain climbing can be practiced in this region.

7. Dead Sea: The Dead Sea is the lowest spot on Earth, reaching 417 meters below sea level. The density of water is high compared to other bodies of water because of salt concentration, a fact that gives the sea unique characteristics, as its water is used for curing some skin diseases. There is a series of resorts and hotels built on its beach, as well an advanced spa.

8. Shrines and tombs: As a land of monotheistic faiths, Jordan boasts the existence of several religious. There are the shrines of some prophets who lived in or passed through Jordan, such as the shrine of the Prophet Job (Ayyoub), Prophet Shuaib (Biblical Jethro), Prophet Hud and Prophet Noah, along with Mount Nebo, where Prophet Moses stood.

There are also the Sahaba [companions of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh)] Shrines, foremost of which are the shrine of ِAbu Ubaydah Amer ibn Al-Jarrah, who is also known as "the nation’s guardian" and the tombs of the Sahaba martyrs who fell in the battle of Mutah, including Ja’far ibn Abi Talib, Zaid ibn Haritha, Abdullah ibn Rawahah and Harith ibn Umair.

9. Desert palaces and castles: Qasr Al-Hallabat, Qusair Amra, Qasr Al-Mashatta, Ajloun (Rabad) Castle, Al-Salt Castle and Al-Showbak Castle

10. Resorts and therapeutic mineral water: the Dead Sea, Himma area, Afra hot springs, Zara hot springs and Ma'in Spa

11. Natural reserves: Dana Biosphere Reserve and Azraq in eastern Jordan

Practical Tips
1. Tourist Police in Jordan aim to protect and help tourists. Their phone number in Amman is: 06-5301465 or 06-53015475 .
2. Preferably upon arrival to the airport, get enough Jordanian currency to pay for the taxi, rent cars and hotels. Do this also at land ports to pay for insurance or food. After that, money exchange should be done inside the country because of better rates than at airports. Money exchange offices can be found all across Amman.

3. Electrical plugs: Electrical plugs of the European, British and Indian types are available. Travelers to Jordan can buy three electrical adaptors:
a. Adapter for "Type C" European CEE 7/16 Euro plug
b. Adapter for "Type G" British BS-1363
c. Adapter for "Type D" Indian BS-546
Electric voltage: 220-240V

4. Jordan’s international phone code is ++ 962. Telephone cards for international calls are available and sold at many shops, while Internet cafes are scattered throughout the country, which also boasts internet services at good speed.